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Labor & Employment Law
Under the laws of the United States, and the laws of individual states, there are many regulations designed to protect employees, such as minimum wage laws, regulations for workplace safety, and anti-discrimination laws. Also, there are laws that govern the relationships between employers and labor unions, designed to make collective bargaining easier.
Wage and Hours Laws
Under federal law, the minimum wage is currently $7.25 per hour, though in many states, the minimum wage is significantly higher. The minimum wage increases periodically, so you should make sure that you have the most current information.
The standard work week, under federal law, is 40 hours, or 8 hours per day, 5 days per week. If an employee works longer than 40 hours per week, the employee must be paid 1½ times their normal hourly wage (often called "time and a half") for every additional hour they work. So, if an employee makes $10 per hour, their minimum overtime rate would be $15 per hour.
Under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, it is illegal for most private employers to discriminate in the hiring, termination, discipline, pay, or promotion of employees based on their race, color, religion, national origin, and sex.
Additionally, most states have laws that prohibit discrimination based on additional attributes, such as sexual orientation, gender identity, or political activities.